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Home - Politics
Government

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The Diet building in Tokyo

The current Japanese constitution was promulgated in the year 1946 during the occupation by the Allied powers:

Legislature:
The Japanese parliament is called the Diet. It consists of the House of Representatives (480 members) and the House of Councillors (242 members). The members of the Diet are elected by the Japanese people.

Executive:
The cabinet is headed by the Prime Minister. The cabinet further consists of the ministers which are appointed by the prime minister and are usually members of the Diet. The prime minister is elected by the Diet.

Judiciary:
The highest court is the Supreme Court. Other courts are district courts, high courts, family courts, and summary courts. Judges are appointed by the cabinet.

Elections:
The minimum voting age is 20 years. Women received the right to vote with the postwar constitution. Elections for the House of Representatives are carried out every four years, and half of the House of Councillors is elected every three years. Beside the national elections there are prefectural and municipal elections.

The Emperor does not have any effective power but is only the symbol of the state.

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English Links
The Prime Minister's Offical Residence
The official web site of the Prime Minister.
The House of Representatives (Shugiin)
Official web site.
The House of Councillors (Sangiin)
Official web site.
Cabinet Office
Official web site.
National Diet Library Homepage
Official web site.
MOFA's Web Server Network (Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
Japanese embassies worldwide.
Foreign Government Offices in Japan (Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
List of Embassies, Consulates and International Organizations in Japan.
Links to all the ministries are here.
Political parties:
Liberal Democratic Party of Japan
Liberal Democratic Party of Japan (Jiminto).
The Democratic Party of Japan
Democratic Party (Minshuto).
Komei Party
Komei Party (Komeito).
Japanese Communist Party
Japanese Communist Party (Kyosanto).
New Party Japan
New Party Japan (Shinto Nippon).

Japanese Links
The Prime Minister's Offical Residence
Official web site of the Prime Minister.
The House of Representatives
Official web site.
The House of Councillors
Official web site.
National Diet Library Homepage
Official web site.
Liberal Democratic Party of Japan
Liberal Democratic Party of Japan (Jiminto).
The Democratic Party of Japan
Democratic Party (Minshuto).
Komei Party
Komei Party (Komeito).
Japanese Communist Party
Japanese Communist Party (Kyosanto).
Social Democratic Party
Social Democratic Party (Shakaiminshuto).
New Party Japan
New Party Japan (Shinto Nippon).

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