While living in Japan, I was part of three separate incidents that resulted in police involvement. In two cases, a Japanese man, both strangers, verbally and physically accosted me without provocation, and I responded in self defense. (Ifm female.) No notable injuries were sustained on either side.
In both cases, both parties were taken to a police station, questioned separately and fingerprinted for ID purposes. I'll clarify here that no one was arrested, or at least I don't think we were. By the time the police arrived, we had stopped fighting and were peacefully waiting for them. The police asked if we would come to the station with them, and we agreed.
During questioning, the police did not accuse me of breaking or violating any specific laws. However, they scolded me for defending myself, instead of running away or allowing the men to assault me and then reporting it (not an exaggeration). They tried to make me accept 100% blame for the entire incident. I refused because that was simply not true.
Both cases concluded a couple of hour later with everyone agreeing to apologize to each other, after which we were free to leave. No charges were filed on either side, and there were no court summons, convictions, fines or incarcerations. Although the police wrote detailed reports for their records, which both parties had to sign, they didn't issue a written citation or any other kind of document.
The third case involved a Japanese man who slammed into me with his bike while I was on a sidewalk, knocking me into the street. He tried to run away, but I chased him down and cornered him (no physical contact), while I called the police. The police questioned us separately onsite, but no one was taken to the station or fingerprinted. ID's were checked and cleared. The man tried to blame me, but it was clear from the bloody scrapes on my leg that he was lying, so that was quickly debunked. The police asked if I wanted to press charges, and I told them, no, I just wanted him to be penalized according to the law. They issued him a written citation, and we went our separate ways.
My questions are:
- Would any of these incidents appear on my Japanese police record and/or show up in background checks, even though I wasn't charged or convicted?
- If they are entered on my record, how would they be categorized? Would the police mark them as misconduct or a violation like simple assault for the first two incidents? I'd think (hope) they would have informed me of this during questioning, but can't put confidence in assumptions.
- Is there a way for me to check my Japanese police record from abroad without going through multiple levels of bureaucracy?