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Japanese sentence question 2019/5/27 23:49
Hi,

Someone please explain to me this sentence.

あれ。私のジュースがない。さっきここに???のに。。。

A. 置いといた
B. 置いてみた
C. 置きかけて
D. 置いちゃった

The correct answer given was A. The explanation was that 置く+ ておく. But then, how did it become とおいた?Why not just 置いておいた?
And also, please explain the usage of ておかない and give some example if you can. :D

Thanks.
by Confused Pikachu (guest)  

Re: Japanese sentence question 2019/5/28 09:01
I think 置いといた is shortened from 置いておいた.
by A5 (guest) rate this post as useful

Re: Japanese sentence question 2019/5/28 15:02
It’s a natural dropping off (elision) of the vowel e like in French.
-te oku > t’oku > toku
It’s a frequently occuring sound change in a casual Japanese speech.

In the first question (the sentence of the exercise), two おく are used. The first, 置く(oku) is a verb used in its proper meaning, id. ‘to put’ something/someone on/in/into etc., somewhere, and the second, おく of ておく is certainly the same word as the proper 置く, but it is used in this case as a sort of auxiliary verb in the form of -ておく, meaning ‘to leave something/someone in a certain situation as a result of action’. And, ておかない is simply the negative form of ておく. But, it seems to me that this negative ておかない is used less frequently than the affirmative ておく.
I can’t imagine a good example, but how about the sentence like this:
いやな経験は心にしまっておかないで、信頼できるひとに話すと気持ちが楽になるよ。[Don’t keep an unpleasant experience in mind. Tell it to someone you trust in, and you will feel relieved.]
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