Golf (ゴルフ) is a popular sport in Japan. A large variety of courses to fit golfers of every budget and skill level can be found across all regions of Japan, with some of the best located around famous resort areas such as Mount Fuji, the Izu Peninsula, Karuizawa and Miyazaki, where they offer beautiful mountain views or coastal scenery. Golf can be played year round in Japan except in the snowy regions where courses close in winter.

In past decades, it was fairly expensive to play golf in Japan. However, these days a large majority of courses are open to the public, and it is not uncommon to pay under 10,000 yen per person for an 18-hole round of golf, including lunch and golf cart, especially on regular weekdays. Prices are somewhat higher on weekends. Many courses do not accommodate single players and may have a surcharge for groups of two golfers. Rental clubs and caddies may be available for an additional fee although English speaking caddies are rare.

The biggest hurdle for foreign visitors without Japanese knowledge to play golf in Japan is the difficulty of making reservations at golf courses, as there are only a handful of courses that allow for easy reservations in English, although most courses accept online reservations in Japanese. Furthermore, signs and rules on the course are usually written in Japanese only, and most staff members at the golf clubs do not speak English. Foreign visitors may try to make reservations via a travel agent or their hotel's concierge.

Playing a round of golf in Japan is typically an all-day event with a lunch break of around one hour between the first and second halves of the course. At the end of the day, tired golfers head off to the clubhouse to relax in its public bath. Towels, soap and shampoo are usually provided, so there is no need to bring your own.

Rules and Etiquette

The rules and etiquette for playing golf in Japan are similar to those in other countries. Most courses enforce a dress code requiring players to wear appropriate golf clothes (typically a collared shirt and slacks or shorts/skirt) while on the course. Some courses may also require jackets to be worn in the clubhouse, so be sure to check ahead of time.

In addition, the following are a few common features likely encountered on Japanese golf courses:

Yellow Flag - a yellow flag is often placed on the fairway at around 230 yards from the regular tees near where a good tee shot would land. It is customary to wait for the group ahead of you to pass the flag before teeing off.

OB Tees (two yellow dots on the map) - to speed up play on holes where there is a good chance that balls are played out of bounds or into water from the teeing ground. The OB tees are additional, yellow tee markers placed further down the fairway from where players would take their next shot after having played their ball out of bound or into water on their initial shot.

One Penalty Stakes - Another common local rule are black and yellow striped stakes (yellow line on map) that are used to mark an out-of-bounds area (red line). They differ from normal out of bounds markers in that the penalty is only one stroke with your next shot taken from around where your ball crossed the line of the markers.

Where to practice

In addition to the myriad golf courses, there are hundreds of driving ranges found across the country for golf lovers to practice. Typically large constructions wrapped in tall green netting, they can be spotted almost anywhere, even tucked away in the middle of the cities. In many cases, the ranges are two or even three stories high, and many feature automatic teeing machines that can tee up a new ball every few seconds. Driving ranges typically charge around 10 yen per ball, although the price may vary depending on the location, the season or time of day. Some offer practice sessions with unlimited balls for a set amount of time.