The Railway Museum was opened in 2007 in Saitama City by JR East. It recounts the history of railway in Japan, exhibits many previously used train cars, teaches train operation using interesting simulators, and explains railway technology as it evolved over the years.
The museum's big collection of formerly used train cars includes steam and diesel locomotives, and retired shinkansen, passenger and freight cars. Many of them can be entered or viewed from under. The museum further showcases one of Japan's largest dioramas. In another section, railway concepts, science and systems are explained through models and hands-on activities.
The museum also offers multiple, popular train driving simulators, including a unique and outstandingly realistic steam locomotive simulator. Most of the simulators don't require an additional fee, operate on a first-come first-serve basis, and waiting times can be long. Only the steam locomotive simulator requires an additional fee, and only a limited number of registrants each day are able to try it.
The eatery and rooftop garden provide nice views of trains in service passing by, as the museum is situated between the tracks of the JR Takasaki Line and the Tohoku, Joetsu and Hokuriku Shinkansen. There are also an outdoor jungle gym and play areas for children, as well as an area with small tracks and mini trains, which visitors can try to operate (additional fee applies).