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This historical walk covers much of the history related to the influence of foreigners on Nagasaki. It starts at the Museum of History where visitors can get a basic understanding if they don't have it yet, and then visits important sites related to the various elements of the city's history, including the two former districts reserved for foreigners: Chinatown and Dejima, and finally the residential areas of the western traders around the Dutch Slope and Glover's Garden.

Start
Start at the Nagasaki Museum of History and Culture
Nagasaki Museum of History and Culture
Well-done museum about the history of Nagasaki 1 hour
This modern and well-executed museum is a great place to learn the basics of Nagasaki's history. Largely focusing on the city's history as a center of trade, its large permanent exhibition is divided into sections dedicated to major historical trade partners - China, Korea and the Netherlands.
As you exit the museum, turn left and continue in that direction until you reach the Nakashima River. Cross over and continue for two blocks until you reach Kofukuji Temple.
10 minutes
Kofukuji Temple
Buddhist temple in the Teramachi district 20 minutes
The oldest of the Chinese-founded temples in the city, Kofukuji was founded in 1620. It is the birthplace of the Obaku school of Zen Buddhism in Japan, and shows a strong Chinese influence in its architecture.
Make your way back to the river, cross over to the other side and follow it to the south-west until you reach the Meganebashi Bridge
5 minutes
Meganebashi Bridge
Elegant bridge in central Nagasaki 5 minutes
Originally built in 1634, the Meganebashi Bridge is the most remarkable of several stone bridges spanning the Nakashima River. Its name describes the two circles created by the bridge and its reflection, resembling a pair of spectacles.
Continue along the river to the south-west, cross the Dejima Bridge and turn right into the Dejima area
10 minutes
Dejima
Former district reserved for Dutch traders 20-40 minutes
Originally a man-made island in the Nagasaki port, Dejima was where Dutch traders were confined to during Japan's two centuries of isolation. Now absorbed by land reclamation, the district offers a number of historical buildings, including residences and warehouses.
From Dejima, make your way south east, where colorfully decorated archways mark the entrance to Chinatown
5 minutes
Chinatown
Shinchi, Nagasaki's Chinatown 20-30 minutes
The oldest of three Chinatowns in Japan, Nagasaki's Chinatown covers most of a single city block and is packed with Chinese shops and restaurants. The area has four gates to the north, south, east and west, each decorated in red lacquer and a figure from Chinese legend.
Make your way to the southern end of Chinatown, then turn left onto Fukken Street
5 minutes
Tojin Yashiki
Atmospheric neighborhood with some attractive Chinese-style architecture 30 minutes
Now a quiet residential area, this was formerly the site of a compound where Chinese merchants were required to live during the Edo Period. A number of homes and small temples showing Chinese influence make it a pleasant area for a stroll.
After completing a loop of the Tojin Yashiki area, make your way back to Fukken Street then head south-west, under the Nagasaki Dejima Road, pass the British Anglican Church Ruins Monument, then turn left onto the Dutch Slope
10 minutes
Dutch Slope
Pleasant area along a slope, with several European-style mansions 10-30 minutes
After Nagasaki Port was opened to foreign traders in 1859, many wealthy merchants from overseas built attractive residences in the European style along this long uphill road. A few of the buildings remain and are open to the public as cafes and museums.
When you return to street level at the far end of Dutch Slope, turn sharply to your right and continue along the street. Follow the redbrick wall around to your right until you reach the shrine entrance
5 minutes
Nagasaki Confucius Shrine
Shrine dedicated to Confucius 30 minutes
Built by Nagasaki's Chinese immigrant community in 1863, this shrine is one of just a handful in Japan dedicated to the philosopher Confucius. Inside the entrance is a small garden with a pond, statues of 72 disciples and a richly decorated main hall housing a statue of Confucius himself. At the rear of the complex is a museum dedicated to relations between China and Japan.
From the Confucius Shrine's main entrance, turn left then right along a short canal. Continue past the Oura Cathedral tram stop, then cross the bridge to your left. Follow the road as it curves around to the left, then turn onto Glover Street and continue up the square-paved slope to the Oura Church
10 minutes
Oura Church
Japan's most famous Christian church 30 minutes
Built in 1864 in an attractive European style, the Oura Church honors the 26 Christian Martyrs and is considered the oldest standing church in Japan. To the right of the church is a museum with artifacts and old documents relating to Christianity in Japan
Take the pathway to Glover Garden
5 minutes
Glover Garden
Open air park exhibiting Western mansions 1-2 hours
Located at the top of Glover Hill with views of the Nagasaki Harbor, Glover Garden is an open-air museum containing several former merchant residences, most importantly that of the Scottish industrialist Thomas Glover.
Finish

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