Ueno Park (, Ueno Kōen) is a large public park next to Ueno Station in central Tokyo. The park grounds were originally part of Kaneiji Temple, which used to be one of the city's largest and wealthiest temples and a family temple of the ruling Tokugawa clan during the Edo Period. Kaneiji stood in the northeast of the capital to protect the city from evil, much like Enryakuji Temple in Kyoto.

During the Boshin Civil War, which followed the Meiji Restoration in 1868, Kaneiji suffered nearly complete destruction in a battle between the victorious forces of the new Meiji government and loyalists of the overthrown shogunate. After the battle, the temple grounds were converted into one of Japan's first Western style parks and opened to the public in 1873. A statue of Saigo Takamori, one of the generals in the Battle of Ueno, stands near the park's southern entrance.

At the southwestern end of the park lies Shinobazu Pond, one of many reminders of Kaneiji Temple's former grandeur. The pond represents Lake Biwako (in a reference to Kaneiji's model, the Enryakuji Temple of Kyoto, which overlooks Lake Biwako). On an island in the middle of the pond stands Bentendo, a temple hall dedicated to the goddess of Benten.

Today Ueno Park is famous for the many museums found on its grounds, especially the Tokyo National Museum, the National Museum for Western Art, the Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum and the National Science Museum. It is also home to Ueno Zoo, Japan's first zoological garden.

Additionally, Ueno Park is one of Tokyo's most popular and lively cherry blossom spots with more than 1000 cherry trees lining its central pathway. The cherry blossoms are usually in bloom during late March and early April and attract large numbers of hanami (cherry blossom viewing) parties.

Temples and Shrines

Kaneiji Temple

Hours: 9:00 to 17:00
Closed: No closing days
Admission: Free
During the Edo Period Kaneiji Temple was one of the largest and wealthiest temples in the city. It was destroyed during the Boshin War, and remnants of the original temple complex, such as its five storied pagoda and Toshogu Shrine, are scattered around the park. The current Kaneiji is a relatively unremarkable, small temple located in a quiet neighborhood near the northwest corner of Ueno Park.

Kiyomizu Kannon Temple

Hours: 9:00 to 17:00
Closed: No closing days
Admission: Free
Kiyomizu Kannondo was originally built in 1631 as part of Kaneiji Temple. Its design, including a wooden balcony extending from the hillside, was inspired by Kiyomizudera in Kyoto. The temple is home to an image of Kosodate Kannon, the goddess of conception, and is particularly popular among women hoping to have children.

Toshogu Shrine

Hours: 9:00 to 16:30 (until 17:30 from March to September)
Closed: No closing days
Admission: Free (inner shrine area 500 yen)
Ueno Toshogu Shrine was built in 1616 and is one of numerous shrines across the country that are dedicated to Tokugawa Ieyasu, the founder of the Edo Shogunate. The Ueno Toshogu Shrine used to be incorporated into Kaneiji Temple until 1868. The shrine's Botan Garden is open from January to mid February and from mid April to early May (700 yen).


Hours: 9:00 to 17:00
Closed: No closing days
Admission: Free
Bentendo is an octagonal temple hall on an island in Shinobazu Pond at the southern end of the park. The temple is dedicated to Benten, the goddess of good fortune, wealth, music and knowledge. Bentendo's grounds are especially lively during the cherry blossom season when they are crowded with festival food stalls.

Museums and Zoos

Tokyo National Museum

Hours: 9:30 to 17:00 (extended hours on some Fridays and weekends)
Closed: Mondays (or following day if Monday is a holiday), New Year holidays
Admission: 1000 yen
The oldest and largest museum in Japan, the Tokyo National Museum is made up of multiple buildings, each like a separate museum in itself. They house the largest collection of national treasures and important cultural items in the country.

National Museum of Nature and Science

Hours: 9:00 to 17:00 (until 20:00 on Fridays and Saturdays)
Closed: Mondays (or following day if Mon is a holiday), Dec 28 to Jan 1
Admission: 630 yen
This museum covers both science and natural history with hands-on physics and robotics experiments, an impressive collection of mounted animals and a 360 degree virtual theater relocated from the Aichi Expo.

Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum

Hours: 9:30 to 17:30 (until 20:00 on Fridays)
Closed: 1st and 3rd Mon each month or next day if Mon is a holiday, New Year
Admission: Varies by exhibition
Reopened in April 2012, this museum displays all types of art in its six galleries. There is no permanent collection, but multiple concurrently held temporary exhibitions by various art groups. Some exhibitions are paid, others are free.

National Museum of Western Art

Hours: 9:30 to 17:30 (until 20:00 on Fri and Sat)
Closed for renovations until spring 2022
Admission: 500 yen (free entry after 17:00 on Friday and Saturday, free on 2nd and 4th Saturday each month, and Nov 3)
This museum displays Western art, primarily by European artists. There are rotating exhibitions from the museum's collection as well as temporary special exhibitions. The museum is Japan's only building designed by Le Corbusier and has been designated a World Heritage site alongside a few other buildings designed by the pioneer of modern architecture.

Shitamachi Museum

Hours: 9:30 to 16:30 (entry until 16:00)
Closed: Mondays (or following day if Mon is a holiday), Dec 29 to Jan 1
Admission: 300 yen
Shitamachi is the name of the artisan and merchant part of old Tokyo. This nostalgic museum has exhibits and reconstructions that show what life was like in Tokyo from the late Meiji to early Showa Periods.

Ueno Zoo

Hour: 9:30 to 17:00 (entry until 16:00)
Closed: Mondays (or following day if Mon is a holiday), Dec 29 to Jan 1
Admission: 600 yen (free admission on March 20, May 4 and October 1)
Opened in 1882, Ueno Zoo is Japan's oldest zoo. Its most popular residents are giant panda bears, which first moved here in 1972 on the occasion of the normalization of relations between Japan and China. The zoo temporarily had no pandas after the death of Ling Ling in 2008, but two new pandas moved in in 2011 and had a baby in 2017.

Getting there and around

Ueno Park is just next to JR Ueno Station. Easiest access is provided by the station's "Park Exit".

Orientation in Tokyo

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